Where can I use delete cascade?
Use the ON DELETE CASCADE option if you want rows deleted from the child table when the DELETE or MERGE statement removes corresponding rows from the parent table.
Why cascade delete is bad?
Cascading deletes should not cause unexpected loss of data. If a delete requires related records to be deleted, and the user needs to know that those records are going to go away, then cascading deletes should not be used.
How add cascade delete in SQL Server?
Creating a foreign key with DELETE and UPDATE CASCADE rules
- Select the parent table and the primary key column in the parent table. …
- In the INSERT and UPDATE specifications, select Cascade for the delete rule.
- Click on Close and save the table in the designer.
What does on delete cascade do in MySQL?
ON DELETE CASCADE constraint is used in MySQL to delete the rows from the child table automatically, when the rows from the parent table are deleted. For example when a student registers in an online learning platform, then all the details of the student are recorded with their unique number/id.
Can foreign keys be NULL MySQL?
5 Answers. NULLs in foreign keys are perfectly acceptable. Dealing with NULLs in foreign keys is tricky but that does not mean that you change such columns to NOT NULL and insert dummy (“N/A”, “Unknown”, “No Value” etc) records in your reference tables.
When should I use on delete cascade?
Use the ON DELETE CASCADE option to specify whether you want rows deleted in a child table when corresponding rows are deleted in the parent table. If you do not specify cascading deletes, the default behavior of the database server prevents you from deleting data in a table if other tables reference it.
What is function of on delete cascade?
Explanation: It is used to preserve referential integrity in the relation. When an attribute of a relation is the foreign key in another relation, deleting it causes referential integrity problems. The on delete cascade solves this problem by forcing us to delete the foreign key first.
When should I delete cascade?
Use cascade delete where you would want the record with the FK to be removed if its referring PK record was removed. In other words, where the record is meaningless without the referencing record. I find cascade delete useful to ensure that dead references are removed by default rather than cause null exceptions.
Is on delete cascade good?
On delete cascade is a particularly bad thing to use to clean data because it doesn’t discriminate against the data you want the FK to stop the delete for and the data you are trying to completely purge. … Likely what would serve you best is to create archive tables and move old data manually to them in batches.
Is on update cascade bad?
It is at least safer than cascading deletes. The existence of ON DELETE CASCADE makes more sense: while PKs shouldn’t really change things do often get deleted. The cascading is simply a convenience, it saves you from having to write code to drop child entities manually when getting rid of a parent.
Why are foreign keys bad?
The obvious problem with the lack of foreign keys is that a database can’t enforce referential integrity and if it wasn’t taken care of properly at the higher level then this might lead to inconsistent data (child rows without corresponding parent rows).
What is cascade update and delete?
CASCADE. It is used in conjunction with ON DELETE or ON UPDATE. It means that the child data is either deleted or updated when the parent data is deleted or updated. … It means that the child data is set to NULL when the parent data is deleted or updated. SET DEFAULT.
Which of the following is not a difference between truncate and delete?
Delete is a DML command whereas truncate is DDL command. Truncate can be used to delete the entire data of the table without maintaining the integrity of the table. On the other hand , delete statement can be used for deleting the specific data.
Can foreign key be NULL?
Short answer: Yes, it can be NULL or duplicate. I want to explain why a foreign key might need to be null or might need to be unique or not unique. First remember a Foreign key simply requires that the value in that field must exist first in a different table (the parent table). That is all an FK is by definition.