- Use if to specify a block of code to be executed, if a specified condition is true.
- Use else to specify a block of code to be executed, if the same condition is false.
- Use else if to specify a new condition to test, if the first condition is false.
How do you write an IF-THEN statement?
A conditional statement (also called an if-then statement) is a statement with a hypothesis followed by a conclusion. The hypothesis is the first, or “if,” part of a conditional statement. The conclusion is the second, or “then,” part of a conditional statement. The conclusion is the result of a hypothesis.
How do you write an if statement in HTML?
The way the logic works here is:
- If the first condition is true ( if (a == b) ), then the program checks for the nested if condition ( if (a == c) ). …
- If the nested if is true, the statement is executed, i.e. “all are equal”.
- If the nested if is false, then the else statement is executed, i.e. “a and b are equal”.
What is the if statement?
The IF statement is a decision-making statement that guides a program to make decisions based on specified criteria. The IF statement executes one set of code if a specified condition is met (TRUE) or another set of code evaluates to FALSE.
What is else if statement?
Alternatively referred to as elsif, else if is a conditional statement performed after an if statement that, if true, performs a function. … The above example could also be extended by adding as many elsif or else if statements as the program needed. Note. Not all programming languages are the same.
What is an example of a conditional statement?
A conditional statement consists of two parts, a hypothesis in the “if” clause and a conclusion in the “then” clause. For instance, “If it rains, then they cancel school.” “It rains” is the hypothesis. “They cancel school” is the conclusion.
What is a Contrapositive example?
Mathwords: Contrapositive. Switching the hypothesis and conclusion of a conditional statement and negating both. For example, the contrapositive of “If it is raining then the grass is wet” is “If the grass is not wet then it is not raining.”
Is a hypothesis an if-then statement?
The hypothesis is an educated guess as to what will happen during your experiment. The hypothesis is often written using the words “IF” and “THEN.” For example, “If I do not study, then I will fail the test.” The “if’ and “then” statements reflect your independent and dependent variables.
What is nested IF statement?
Nested IF functions, meaning one IF function inside of another, allow you to test multiple criteria and increases the number of possible outcomes.
How does a for loop start?
The loop initialization where we initialize our counter to a starting value. The initialization statement is executed before the loop begins. If the condition is true, then the code given inside the loop will be executed, otherwise the control will come out of the loop. …
Can you do multiple if statements?
It is possible to nest multiple IF functions within one Excel formula. You can nest up to 7 IF functions to create a complex IF THEN ELSE statement. TIP: If you have Excel 2016, try the new IFS function instead of nesting multiple IF functions.
Can you have two ELSE statements?
You can have as many else if statements as necessary. In the case of many else if statements, the switch statement might be preferred for readability. As an example of multiple else if statements, we can create a grading app that will output a letter grade based on a score out of 100.
How many else statements can you pair with a single IF statement?
One of the statements runs when the specified condition is True, and the other one runs when the condition is False. When you want to define more than two blocks of statements, use the ElseIf Statement. You can nest up to ten levels of If… Then… Else statements.