Your question: How do I make a foreign key unique in SQL?

How do you set a unique foreign key in SQL?

Using SQL Server Management Studio

On the Table Designer menu, click Indexes/Keys. In the Indexes/Keys dialog box, click Add. In the grid under General, click Type and choose Unique Key from the drop-down list box to the right of the property, and then click Close.

Can a foreign key be unique?

Yes, you can have a FOREIGN KEY constraint that references a column with a UNIQUE constraint. The syntax error you get is because you didn’t provide a datatype for the column. It should be the same type as the referenced column: username varchar(50) .

Can a foreign key point to a unique key?

From Books Online: A FOREIGN KEY constraint does not have to be linked only to a PRIMARY KEY constraint in another table; it can also be defined to reference the columns of a UNIQUE constraint in another table. So in your case if you make AnotherID unique, it will be allowed.

How do I create a composite unique key in SQL Server?

To define a composite unique key, you must use table_constraint syntax rather than column_constraint syntax. To satisfy a constraint that designates a composite unique key, no two rows in the table can have the same combination of values in the key columns.

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Can foreign key be NULL?

Short answer: Yes, it can be NULL or duplicate. I want to explain why a foreign key might need to be null or might need to be unique or not unique. First remember a Foreign key simply requires that the value in that field must exist first in a different table (the parent table). That is all an FK is by definition.

What is Unique key example?

Unique key is a constraint that is used to uniquely identify a tuple in a table. Multiple unique keys can present in a table. NULL values are allowed in case of a unique key.

Difference between Primary Key and Unique Key.

Primary Key Unique Key
present in a table present in a table

Is unique key same as primary key?

Both Primary key and Unique Key are used to uniquely define of a row in a table. Primary Key creates a clustered index of the column whereas a Unique creates an unclustered index of the column . A Primary Key doesn’t allow NULL value , however a Unique Key does allow one NULL value .

What is a foreign key example?

A foreign key is a set of attributes in a table that refers to the primary key of another table. The foreign key links these two tables. … For example, a table called TEAM may have an attribute, MEMBER_NAME, which is a foreign key referencing a candidate key, PERSON_NAME, in the PERSON table.

Can foreign key point to a non primary key?

Yes. You can FK reference any UNIQUE KEY constraint (one or more columns).

Is foreign key can be primary key?

Yes, it is legal to have a primary key being a foreign key. This is a rare construct, but it applies for: a 1:1 relation. The two tables cannot be merged in one because of different permissions and privileges only apply at table level (as of 2017, such a database would be odd).

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What is a unique key in SQL?

A unique key is a set of one or more than one fields/columns of a table that uniquely identify a record in a database table. You can say that it is little like primary key but it can accept only one null value and it cannot have duplicate values.

Can a composite key be a primary key?

Now a composite key is also a primary key, but the difference is that it is made by the combination of more than one column to identify the particular row in the table.

What is composite key give an example?

In a table representing students our primary key would now be firstName + lastName. Because students can have the same firstNames or the same lastNames these attributes are not simple keys. The primary key firstName + lastName for students is a composite key.

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